CAPBS resources about Positive Behaviour Support
In the last few years, Positive Behaviour Support in the UK has developed from a process implemented by a small committed group of people. to a movement which is now embedded in government policy. It is at the heart of the Department of Health policy document ‘Positive and Proactive Care’ published in April 2014.
Those people who deliver good positive behaviour support every day, either as a professional or a family carer, understand it well, but others – organisations, support workers, families, individuals themselves, may be looking for a useful introduction.
BILD's PBS training events
, and our PBS publications
and International PBS journal
are designed to provide deeper, more structured, introductions and explanations, while these resources aim to address gaps and introduce PBS to beginners.
PBS on video
An Introduction to PBS animation
An Introduction to PBS is a short animation - just six minutes long – that gives an overview of PBS and how PBS approaches work in practice when supporting an individual.
You can watch it on screen or ask us to send you a link to download the animation.
The BILD PBS Interviews
There are video interviews about Positive Behaviour Support with academics and experienced practitioners here >
The five signs of good PBS
The overall aim of Positive Behaviour Support (PBS) is to improve the quality of the person’s life and the quality of life for those around them.
PBS means that people receive the right support at the right time.
We would be able to see good PBS happening in these five ways...
Positive Behaviour Support - Working together to make things better
A document in easy read about Positive Behaviour Support to use when working with people with learning disabilities.
CAPBS Information Sheet 1: The use of tents or other confined spaces in schools
An increasing number of special schools have specially constructed PVC tents set up in classrooms. If schools are using tents or other confined spaces for any purpose there should be very clear guidelines for their use to prevent intentional or unintentional misuse.
CAPBS Information Sheet 2: The use of seclusion, isolation and time out
Seclusion is defined as ‘The supervised confinement and isolation of a person, away from other users of services, in an area from which the person is prevented from leaving.’
[This information sheet is being updated.]
CAPBS Information Sheet 3: Ethical and legal principles for locking doors in children homes
There is a tension between duty of care – keeping children and young people safe, and their right to develop and learn to manage risk and not experience unnecessary or disproportionate restrictions.
Case study: Meera : Download >
Case study: Jamie : Download >
Questions to ask about the use of physical restraint in schools
Can physical restraint be used? Physical restraint can cause injury and distress.
With the current legislation, physical restraint can be used if there are guidelines on how it is used. Physical restraint must be used lawfully. Physical restraint should only be used as a last resort. If used, it should be part of an agreed plan about how to support a pupil safely. The plan should be discussed with the pupil and the family.
What is ABA?
PBS is a synthesis of applied behaviour analysis, social role valorisation and person-centred values (e.g., Carr et al. 2002; Gore et al. 2013). Although arguably more than the sum of its parts, to understand the approach it is necessary to know something about how it is made up. In this short paper, we will briefly explore Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) as a central component of PBS.
What is Active Support?
Active Support is a method of enabling people with learning disabilities to engage more in their daily lives. Active Support refers to the type of support provided - support that turns person centred plans into person centred action.
Active Support changes the style of support from ‘caring for’ to ‘working with’, it promotes independence and supports people to take an active part in their own lives. The support given to the person is also active. Active Support enables people with learning disabilities to live ordinary lives.
Drivers for Positive Behaviour Support in England and Wales
Positive Behaviour Support (PBS) is a multi-element approach to working with adults and children with complex behaviours. It involves developing an understanding of why, when and how behaviours happen and what purpose they serve for the individual (Horner et al, 1990). It has developed through the convergence of a number of ideas and philosophies over the past 50 years.
CAPBS Practice papers
The first three Centre for the Advancement of PBS Practice Papers in a series of 12 commissioned by the CAPBS to provide a reference point and discussion tool for teams wishing to develop their positive behaviour practice.
Practice Paper 1: Reducing Restrictive Practice through data informed Positive Behaviour Support
Darren Bowring, Head of Positive Behaviour Support Team, States of Jersey, and PBS Consultant, Centre for the Advancement of PBS Download >
Practice Paper 2: Restrictive interventions and practices: An organisation’s reduction strategy
Tom Evans, Behaviour Support Manager, Southdown, and PBS Consultant, Centre for the Advancement of PBS
Practice Paper 3: Practice leadership, Positive Behaviour Support, and reducing restrictive practices
Roy Deveau, independent consultant and researcher
Practice Paper 4: The science of happiness
Steve Wilson is a PBS practitioner and Senior Trainer at the Northumberland, Tyne and Wear NHS Trust, and PBS Consultant at the Centre for the Advancement of PBS
Practice Paper 5: Normalisation and social role valorisation
Simon Jones: Head of Behavioural Support and Nurse Consultant for the Lifeways Group, and PBS consultant
Paul McWade: Operational Director, Halton Borough Council
Dr Sandy Toogood, Bangor University and BILD Trustee
CAPBS Research papers
Organisational strategies to reduce the use of restrictive practices in services for people with intellectual and other disabilities and behaviour described as challenging: A postal survey of current experiences of putting policy into practice
A joint BILD and Tizard Centre survey
Download Summary >
Download Report >
The implementation of organisational strategies to reduce the use of restrictive practices: A report on the experiences of 25 UK care organisations
A Centre for the Advancement of Positive Behaviour Support report
Download Report >
Evaluation of the experiences of participants who attended a three day Positive Behaviour Support Coaches programme
Twenty six CAPBS Coaches Programmes were run by The Centre for the Advancement for Positive Behaviour Support at BILD between December 7th 2014 and December 15th 2015. This report is based on information from evaluation reports completed by participants who attended those programmes. We hope it will give some indication of the acceptability of the training and the fit with the expectation of the potential Coaches.
Download the pilot stage report >
PBS Information from CAPBS
The seven key questions about Positive Behaviour Support
The seven key questions – and answers – have been developed by BILD’s Positive Behaviour Support consultants from the questions asked by those they work with. The answers are short as they’re meant to give a brief overview of PBS.
The BILD PBS Jargon-buster
Want to know more about positive behaviour support but find some of the language difficult to understand?
You're not alone! To help, we've created a positive behaviour support jargon-buster listing much of the terminology and jargon that's used, with explanations and definitions for each term. Anything missing? Let us know!
Download the Jargon-buster >
Positive Behaviour Support in practice
Paul Taylor, implemented a Positive Intervention Project in his London Primary School for children with Special Educational Needs. The aim of the project was to change the culture within the school and implement Positive Behaviour Support.
Paul received the BILD PBS Leader of the Future award in 2013 for his work. He has briefly outlined his top tips and ideas, which you can download.