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Friday 30 September 2016
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The BILD PI Training Accreditation Scheme, and the BILD Code of Practice

PI training assessment
A BILD assessor observing training provided by an accredited training provider

Whilst a voluntary scheme, the BILD PI Training Accreditation Scheme has long been seen as an indicator of quality and good practice - for those providing training, and for those commissioning training in their service. 

Underpinned by the BILD Code of Practice acting as a framework, they have both been tried, tested and improved over the last 12 years. They have made a significant contribution to improving the quality of training for staff and the development frameworks of organisations supporting people who can experience difficulties in communication or managing their behaviours and can use behaviour as a means of express themselves.

Working together, they offer both an effective framework with a strong values base, and a clear accreditation process overseen by experienced professionals, which can be applied in organisations and to the training and development of staff supporting children, young people and adults in a range of settings across education, health and social care.

The BILD Accreditation Scheme is seen by many as a clear indicator of a commitment to minimising the use of physical interventions and restrictive practices, and to the application of Positive Behaviour Support approaches in the lives of people being supported. Significant improvement in the quality of their lives is the ultimate purpose of the Scheme.

If you need any further information or have any questions about the BILD PI Training Accreditation Scheme, please contact Liz Howells on 0121 415 6970 or l.howells@bild.org.uk 

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PITAS panel presentation

BILD PI Training Accreditation Scheme panel members listening to a presentation from an appplicant for accreditation 

The BILD PI Training Accreditation Scheme

The BILD PI Training Accreditation Scheme was launched in 2002, following extensive work, consultation and guidance. Underpinned by the BILD Code of Practice for minimising the use of restrictive physical interventions: planning, developing and delivering training, Fourth edition, 2014 (see below), the scheme accredits training organisations that deliver behaviour support and management training in conjunction with the use of physical skills or restrictive physical interventions.  

What the Scheme accredits, and does not accredit

The BILD PI Training Accreditation Scheme is an evidence based process of external validation of the quality of physical intervention training programmes delivered to the health, social care and education sectors. 

The fundamental process of accreditation is the provision of evidence that the applicant organisation’s curriculum and trainers can prove adherence to all of the criteria in the BILD Code of Practice (2014). The panel accredits the training organisations, programmes of training, and individual trainers (who deliver an accredited training programme on behalf of the accredited organization). 

BILD accredited training organisations, programmes, and trainers are required to promote:

  • Best interests, human rights and quality of life
  • An understanding that behaviour has a purpose and function
  • Proactive and preventive approaches, as well as de-escalation techniques to reduce reliance on restrictive practices
  • The values of Positive Behaviour Support (PBS) – please note that the scheme accredits PI training that promotes the values of PBS, but it does not accredit PBS training
  • Person centred, individualised plans
  • The use of data to ensure reduction of physical intervention over time
  • Supportive teamwork when working with behaviours of concern
  • The importance of reflective practice, debrief and review
  • The importance of handing over when stressed
  • The importance of a bespoke approach to the inclusion of any physical skills

This makes clear that BILD accredits PI training, it does not accredit PBS training. 

There is at present no national system of accreditation of PBS training. The PBS Academy is currently looking to develop a set of accreditation standards as a first and necessary step of the development of any accreditation infrastructure.   

PITAS panel documentation
Panel members assessing an appplicant's portfolio of evidence documentation

Which areas does the scheme cover?

The scheme accredits training that is delivered in any setting for the following groups:

  • Children and adults with a learning disability
  • Children and adults with autistic spectrum conditions
  • Pupils with special educational needs
  • Children with additional needs that may result in socially inappropriate behaviour(s)
  • Children with social and emotional difficulties associated with behaviours that challenge
  • Adults with learning disability and/or autism who are detained under the Mental Health Act 
  • Children and young people (up to the age of 19) who are detained in semi secure and secure settings or who are detained under the Mental health Act
  • Families and family carers, including foster carers, including foster carers, those offering short breaks and support to children, young people and adults with learning disabilities, autism and social emotional and behaviour difficulties 


What is the accreditation process?

Applicant organisations are assessed against the standards in the BILD Code of Practice 2014, guidance and legislation relevant to the geographic location, population and service settings in which they deliver training. The assessment process includes:

  1. The submission of a portfolio of evidence
  2. An assessment of the training, and organisational recording and reporting procedures
  3. An assessment of the evidence against the standards of the scheme undertaken by a panel appointed by the BILD Chief Executive.


Successful applicant organisations are accredited for a period of 3 years, during which the organisation is re-assessed against the standards of the scheme as part of an on-going quality assurance process.

Accreditation is supported by events, training, conferences and publications; and membership of the BILD Accredited Trainers Forum, which meets twice a year. 

Where can I find out which organisations are currently accredited?

The currently accredited training providers are listed here >

If you have a query please e-mail: accreditation@bild.org.uk 

If an organisation is not on the list of accredited providers they may be in the process of making an application and BILD will be able to confirm if this is the case.

If an organisation has previously been accredited and does not appear on the list it may be that;

A. They have let the accreditation lapse

B. They have failed to meet the standards on re-accreditation, or

C. They have had their status suspended or removed within the rules of the scheme. BILD will not discuss why an organisation does not appear on the list we can simply confirm whether an organisation is currently accredited.

If you have a query about an individual’s status as a BILD accredited trainer, you should first of all ask for details of their Unique Accredited Trainer Reference number and if you are still unsure, check with BILD about the individual trainer at: accreditation@bild.org.uk 

We have been told that the organisation we employ to deliver training has adopted the BILD Code of Practice, what does that mean?

Organisations who formally apply for accreditation are warranted in using the statement ‘Our organisation has formally adopted the BILD Code of Practice 2014’. This is in recognition that BILD will be formally assessing their adherence to the Code of Practice as part of the process of accreditation. 

We believe this offers more transparency for commissioners of training. Organisations are either accredited or not. You can always check if an organisation is in the process of application with us.

Do we have to use accredited training organisations?

While it is not a statutory obligation to use accredited training it may be viewed as advisable and many commissioners of services require training to be accredited. 

Although voluntary, the standards are commonly viewed as good practice. The scheme is specific to the area of education, health and social care and as such is one of only two accreditation schemes in the UK referenced in national departmental guidance – Positive and Proactive Care: reducing the needs for restrictive practices (DH2014) and A Positive and Proactive Workforce (Skills for Care 2014). 

The BILD PI Training Accreditation Scheme offers a comprehensive assessment of training materials, the organisation’s policies and procedures and individual trainers; to date we are unaware of any other such accreditation.

We are a service provider, can we seek accreditation?

Yes, an application for accreditation must be made in the name of one sole organisation and they must hold copyright and trademark to all materials and trading names used within the application or the permission of the owner to use any materials or make reference to a trademark. 

It is often quite complex when a service provider also seeks to deliver training in this area and there are many reasons why this may not be appropriate for some organisations. 

We use an accredited provider but would like to make a complaint to BILD can we do that?

In the first instance we always suggest that you try to resolve any disputes with the organisation through direct contact using their complaints procedure. This is usually the most effective way to resolve any problems.

BILD will not become involved in disputes which do not directly impact on the standards of accreditation - in other words, you must be able to reference the complaint to a section of the BILD Code of Practice (2014) for it to be considered. In the first instance any such complaints must be addressed to the manager of the scheme, clearly referenced to the BILD Code of Practice (2014) and sent to BILD by email or by registered post. A copy must also be sent to the organisation about whom you wish to make the complaint.

BILD will not become involved in disputes relating to fees, payments, failure to certificate named individuals attending training or other matters which should be resolved through direct contact with the accredited training provider.

What is accredited - the training or the trainers?

Applications must be made in the sole name of one trading company or training department and there must be a named manager whom BILD calls the ‘Training Manager’ for the purposes of the scheme. Each applicant organisation can submit curricula of training they would like accredited within the scheme, the panel decide if these curricula and the procedures such as health and safety requirements, record keeping for example are evidenced by the organisation and adhere to the standards of the Code of Practice (2014). 

The named provider and the evidence within the application is assessed and the named curricula they submit will be accredited if they are found to meet the standards. It is the named applicant training provider and the curricula they submit that are accredited.

Each BILD accredited training organisation can then submit the names of the trainers whom they recognise to deliver the accredited courses; these are called accredited trainers. Each will have a Unique Accredited Trainer Reference number (UATR) and we will be able to provide details of their accreditation status if requested. The accredited organisation submit the names and evidence of professional development of those trainers whom they would like to certificate within the scheme, if the accredited trainers can demonstrate that they can reflect professional knowledge to match with the Code of Practice (2014) BILD will certificate trainers within the scheme. 

The accredited trainers certificate is non transferable between companies or BILD accredited training organisations nor can a trainer deliver training independently unless under a franchise/licensed agreement with the BILD accredited training organisation. 

Accredited trainers are certificated to provide accredited training on behalf of a named BILD accredited training organisation within the rules of the scheme. It is possible that one individual trainer could act as a accredited trainer for more than one accredited provider in such instances they will have two BILD accredited trainers certificates and UATR numbers, one for each training organisation. 

The BILD panel accredits programmes of training and individual trainers; certificating the BILD accredited trainers who can demonstrate evidence of professional development that is consistent with the BILD Code of Practice (2014) and are delivering training on behalf of BILD accredited training organisations. Some trainers may fail to demonstrate evidence of professional development that is consistent with the standards of the scheme and may not be certificated by the BILD panel.

We need to get some training, where do we start?

It is important to commission training that will meet the needs of the individuals you support and your service and that will support a reduction in restrictive physical interventions by increasing the skills and confidence of the staff you employ in behaviour support. 

To do this a BILD accredited training organisation will need to demonstrate to you that:

  • They understand the needs of the people whom you educate, support or care for
  • They have professional backgrounds that reflect a good understanding of the people whom you  educate, support or care for
  • They can adapt the theory content of training appropriately based on current organisational need
  • They can select any physical skills to be taught based on the evidence provided by service level behavioural risk assessment, behaviour audit and individual risk assessments
  • They can deliver training that is consistent with the values base of the organisation and the people whom you have contact with
  • They can work with your organisation at every level and commit to your organisation over a period of time


Ideally, we suggest that you:

  • Draw up criteria against which to interview prospective training organisations
  • Interview a minimum of 3 training organisations to compare their approaches
  • Talk to other customers and get references
  • Discuss cost and explore the longer term commitment that there may be with the training provider, for example are workbooks included in the price of training and if not what sort of financial commitment will there be in purchasing workbooks in the longer term?
  • Ask what else they can provide - e-mail support, for example
  • Find out if they can provide individual behaviour support plans that include restraint reduction plans
  • Discuss how they will undertake the behaviour audit and risk assessment on which the training will be based
  • Explore how the training will be delivered and how the organisation will be able to meet your service need now and in the future
  • Ask the provider to provide information and evidence on the basis for their practice and the development of the theoretical content of the training
  • Ensure the training provides a good balance of appropriate theory as well as physical skills


This is intended as a guide to help you commission training and is not an exhaustive list of criteria for you to consider.

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The BILD Code of Practice for minimising the use of restrictive physical interventions: planning, developing and delivering training (Fourth edition) 

BILD Code of practice - fourth

Since first published in 2001, The BILD Code of Practice for the use and reduction of restrictive physical interventions has helped raise standards and change practice for commissioners, training organisations and trainers.

The third edition of the Code, published in 2010, underwent a fundamental review - consultation, focus group meetings, an internal review and external critical reading - in light of:

  • New guidance from the Department of Health, developed by the Royal College of Nursing and Skills for Care
  • The work of the Winterbourne View Joint Improvement Programme
  • The growth in evidence for Positive Behaviour Support approaches
  • An updated legislative framework 

As a result, a new fourth edition of the Code, the BILD Code of Practice for minimising the use of restrictive physical interventions: planning, developing and delivering training, was published in May 2014. 

This edition incorporates the latest guidance and it will support organisations purchasing training, training organisations and trainers in delivering on BILD's commitment to promote Positive Behaviour Support as the preferred approach to support individuals whose behaviour is described as challenging. 

The Code aims to help bring consistency to the development and delivery of training courses, and to the governance, policies and procedures of the organisations where the training courses are delivered. The fourth edition recognises the key contributions of the organisations that purchase training, the organisations that provide training, and of the individual trainers themselves, by being structured in sections for each stakeholder group. 

Except where statutory responsibilities are referred to for purchasing organisations, the BILD Code of Practice represents good practice advice – things that they ‘should’ do or are ‘recommended’ to do if they wish to be able to demonstrate good practice. This is because BILD does not have the authority to require their adherence to the Code.  Accredited training organisations, those aspiring to accreditation, and individual trainers have a much greater imperative to comply with the Code’s requirements since accreditation is conditional on compliance.  For these groups there is much greater emphasis on things that ‘must’ be done.   

In order to ensure that they too are familiar with the contents of the Code, BILD has information on this web site for:

  • Family members and advocates 
  • Regulators and health and social care commissioners

The fourth edition of the BILD Code of Practice is the result of ten year’s work and continuous improvement. Though a voluntary code, the accreditation scheme it supports has played a real part in providing organisations with a set of standards, against which their services can be benchmarked and assessed. 

The Code of Practice, and the BILD PI Training Accreditation Scheme it supports, is part of BILD’s commitment to raising standards in the training and development frameworks that support children, young people and adults whose behaviour is described as challenging. The fourth edition, incorporating as it does the latest guidance and commitment to positive behaviour support approaches, plays an important part in this work. 

More information

If you need any further information or have any questions about the BILD Code of Practice and the BILD PI Training Accreditation Scheme, please contact Liz Howells on 0121 415 6970 or l.howells@bild.org.uk

You can order copies of the Code on this website >

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Questions to ask about the use of physical restraint in schools 

Information about what questions to ask and where to go to raise concerns or make a complaint if you feel that your child has been subject to physical restraint.

Download >

There are more information sheets about issues around restraint, time out and seclusion and the use of tents in schools in the Centre for the Advancement of Positive Behaviour Support section of this website >


“We’re delighted to have been awarded BILD accreditation. Although it’s not a required accreditation within the NHS, it’s an indicator of quality and good practice within our service.”

Simon Plummer, Clinical Lead for Learning Disabilities, South West Yorkshire Partnership NHS Foundation Trust

How do I know if my organisation meets the criteria to apply?

Simply download the BILD accreditation scheme eligibility form here >

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BILD Accreditation
Scheme Induction Workshops

24 June 2016
15 September 2016


These events are suitable for all organisations who train in the use of physical intervention, who are considering whether they wish to apply for accreditation under the BILD Physical interventions Accreditation Scheme.

For further information please contact Liz Howells on 0121 415 6970 or email